Due to efforts throughout history of great archaeologists, we have been able to slowly piece together the puzzle that is humanity’s past and the origins of time that connect us all.

Whenever a new discovery is revealed, an additional piece of the puzzle begins to take shape.

In the case of the newly discovered, immense system of underground caverns in Yucatan - know as Sac Actún. Its extension and the potential hidden treasures that inhabit it, bring us one step close to solving the puzzle.

The archaeologist Guillermo de Anda - Director of the Great Maya Aquifer, one of numerous current research projects of the INAH - stated that within Sac Actún there are around 248 and that the known extension of the site is 347 kilometers.

The large extension of the site is due to the newly discovered fact that the Sac Actún (263 kilometers) and Dos Ojos (84 kilometers) are indeed connected to each other.

A Civilization That Started in Caverns

Perhaps the most impressive aspect of this finding is located in what lies beneath the earth's surface.

De Anda considers Sac Actún to be "the most important submerged archaeological site in the world".  

In its depths, great discoveries have been made – such as bones from the Pleistocene era, city walls, corridors, altars, abandoned remains of ceremonial centers, and petroglyphs.

All of these are known as "archaeological contexts", traces that prove humanity once stood in the very spaces that are now submerged under water.

One hundred and ninety-eight archaeological contexts have been discovered at Sac Actún, of which 138 have a direct connection to Mayan culture, and the others belonging to the "pre-ceramic" period - that is to say, they have an antiquity that can be traced to the arrival of the first inhabitants of the peninsula more than ten thousand years ago.

The Mayan Underworld

It is no coincidence that the ancient Maya believed that Sac Actún acted as the entrance to the underworld.

After all, these caverns became a resting place for their ancestors, as well as a space of spiritual communion with the unknown.

Humanity’s Mixed Heritage

The importance of Sac Actún lies in the fact that at this very site, nature converges with an ancestral culture, reminding us of our own origins.

That is why renowned archaeologists such as Roberto Junco, Sub-Director of Underwater Archeology at INAH, seek to promote Sac Actún as a "mixed object" before UNESCO.

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