Chichén Itzá is one of the “famous”Mayan archaeologicalsites: not only is a set of amazing buildings but the opposite: everything is planned to the last detail, with a certainty and accuracy calling attention for being designed thousands of years ago, when conditions were not a bit similar to today.
But first, learn a few key points about everything you should know aboutChichén Itzá. The set is made up of several buildings; this way you can have a good time circling the Ball Game court, the Sacred Cenote, “Explanada Principal”, the Observatory, the Temple of the of Thousand Columns and theKukulcanpyramid, also known as “El Castillo” of 24 meters high, among others.
Undoubtedly, it is the latter that gets more attention due to the phenomenon observed in the change of season. In fact, during the fall and spring equinoxes, the sun will play to sneak through the windows of the building and project their light in a way that announce the arrival of a new season and reaffirm that the Maya handled the issue.
The pyramid also had the function of serving as calendar since the total number of steps is 365, as the days of the year: 91 steps spread over its 4 stairs and one leading to “Templo Mayor”.
Chichén Itzáis considered a World Heritage site, while “El Castillo” has received the honor of being one of the new 7 wonders of the world in 2007.Regarding “Cenote Sagrado” (sacred cenote), whose measurements are 60 meters in diameter and 35 deep.According to investigations here were found objects of great value for the time so it was established that here sacrifices were made both material and human, in honor ofChac Mool, the god of rain.Meanwhile, theBall Game is credited with being the largest inMesoamerica, as it has 70 meters wide and 169 long. While war iconographic expressions have been found, their use was also a ritual.
Towards the east side, is theTemple of the Jaguars, on whose wall there is a room with symbols of community figures as warriors and priests, as well as icons of aquatic animals and plants.
About theObservatory, the holes in its walls match with the position of the space bodies so its use was linked to the Mayan calendar.
Finally, theTemple of the Warriorsis located on a building shaped with the form of a pyramid but is preceded by a set of 200 pilasters known as the “Thousand Columns” and they represent warriors.